Skip to main content

Full text of "We Thought They Were White, Dontell Jackson"

See other formats




WHO ARE THE JEWS? JEWS & THE SLAVE TRADE 


JEWISH EXPLOITATION OF AFRICAN AMERICANS JEWS & THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 









Hello and welcome to my website We Thought They Were White. My 
name is Dontell Jackson, and like many African-Americans, I was brought 
up in a culture deeply infused with propaganda designed to lay the blame 
for all of the black race's ills on the white man. It was not until I began 
looking into the actual history of blacks, whites, and other races in 
America, that I came to realize that many if not most of the resentment 
that African-Americans harbor regarding our long history of abuse and 
exploitation has been intentionally misdirected by those who are most 
responsible for it, to shift the blame away from themselves as a people 
onto the white race who they regard as their enemies. 

The reality is that the white race had little to do with the slave trade that 
took our ancestors away from Africa and sold them into bondage in the 
New World. That crime was committed not by White Europeans, but by 
Jews who were engaged in transatlantic commerce between the Old 
World and the Americas where they hoped to establish a New Jerusalem from which to rule the world by way of 
exploiting all races who were not members of their tribe of "chosen people." In their efforts to accomplish that 
goal, the white race has been hoodwinked and manipulated as unsuspecting pawns almost as much as the black 
race has been. 

Blacks have been purposely misled by the Jewish people who, in previous centuries, built their fortunes in the 
transatlantic slave trade, and who continue to manipulate and exploit us even today. Because most black people 
make no distinction between Jews and whites, it is easy for the Jews to evade justice and escape the blame for 
the wrongs that they have inflicted on our people for centuries by convincing blacks that it was the white man 
who did it. In most cases the vast majority of the white race had nothing to do with slavery or other crimes that 
have been committed against our people. Whites were and continue to be exploited and manipulated by the 
Jews, the same as blacks, and their race is even more hated by the Jew, where blacks are simply disregarded by 
the Jews with indifference, as are other races. We are all simply pawns to the Jews who have no other use for us 
beyond being a source of profit to them and a weapon that can be used to help destroy whites, who they see as 
their sworn enemies, by encouraging us to breed with them until there are no longer any whites left. 

I would like to invite all of my black brothers and sisters to join me in untangling the lies, deceptions and half- 
truths that have been foisted upon us as a race, and to explore the true history of what has been done to us as a 
people by those who were more than happy to encourage us to think these wrongs were committed against us 
by whites, when in reality those crimes were carried out by Jews. 

Please feel free to share the information that I have presented on this site with as many of your friends, relatives, 
and associates as possible, so that we as a people can gain greater freedom through knowledge of the truth 
which is the only thing that can set us free from the state of subjugation, manipulation, and exploitation at the 
hands of those who have and who continue to deceive us. Let us educate ourselves as a people by sharing this 
knowledge of the truth among all of our race so that we can at last break free of the bondage of the lies and 
superstition that have enslaved our minds and our spirits. 



Dontell Jackson 




WHO ARE THE 
JEWS? 



A race of merchants and traders, like the ancient Phoenicians who 
preceded them in their occupation of Canaan and their establishment of 
trade throughout the Mediterranean, the Jews traveled far and wide in 
search of wealth and exotic riches. Long before the first white man set 
foot in sub-Saharan Africa, Jews living in Sena, Yemen, are known to 
have come to Ethiopia as early as 500 BC in search of gold, 
intermarrying with African women, and becoming the ancestors of the 
Lemba tribe, whose descendants continued to practice Judaism and 
went on to build Great Zimbabwe, a medieval stone fortress whose 
construction began as early as the 1 1th century. 


Many people today consider the Jews to be members of the white race, 
since centuries of exile and intermarriage with Europeans has lightened 
their complexion to a certain extent, but in reality the Jews are members 
of the Semitic race that is native to the Arabian sub-continent and they 
are Afro-Asiatic in origin, like their close cousins the Palestinians, the 
Lebanese, the Jordanians, the Saudis, the Syrians, and other Arabic 
tribes. 


The Ethiopian Bible is one of the few written texts, outside of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which includes the Book of Enoch, an ancient Hebrew 
text that relates how a group of angels disobeyed the prohibition against intermarrying with mortal women, and how they spawned a race of 
cannibalistic giants who wrecked havoc on earth devouring both man and beast, which ultimately had to be destroyed in the time of Noah by 
the flood. The book of Enoch also reveals that the fallen angel who was singled out for punishment for his part in this disaster was named 
Azazel, who was imprisoned under the earth to remain there until the Day of Judgement when he would finally be destroyed along with death 
and the grave, a legend which seems to be the origin of the Christian belief in the devil. 



kiuakmstan\ '^ sijui 




RUSSIA 


TURKEY 


f BaharK 
t&mM 


CYPRUS ., 


B*0M»4 < 
IRAQ 


yWetf/te/ra/jea/} Sea 




LIBYA 


EGYPT 




MAURITANIA 

^ N«vskcfmti 


NIGER 


CHAD 


SUDAN 


GUINEA 


NIGERIA 


CENTRAL 

AFRICAN 

REPU6UC 


ETHIOPIA 


Map showing location of Israel and Jerusalem in relation to Africa 


10 North mm 

7 fUm&Lf 

* , Pinu ' Atlantic jffitit - ''' ; 

tWgwta 

Ocean 

Swpf^ 

/ MaMusi Island* 

T™ 11 CmMing^ 

/morocco 

icM&mM* wl™k"h 

* WAtaU 


IRAN 


Judea, the land from which the Jews take their name, was located in the Levant in what is today the present state of Israel on the 
Mediterranean coast that lies beyond Jordan, along the western edge of Arabia, bordering on Egypt in northeastern Africa. There the Jews 
lived for nearly 1000 years until they were eventually expelled and driven into exile by the Romans against whose rule the Jewish people 
repeatedly rebelled. In consequence of these rebellions, the Roman Empire crushed the Jewish uprisings, destroying their most sacred site, 
the temple in Jerusalem in 70 AD, and driving the Jews out of Judea, sending them wandering throughout other parts of the Roman Empire. 



The Roman siege of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple in 70 AD 


Once the Jews had been driven out of Jerusalem, they soon re-established their former trade connections and set themselves up as 
merchants and traders operating throughout the Roman Empire and abroad, continuing to practice their native religion of Judaism and 
refusing to assimilate into the societies that they settled in and profited from. They also brought with them the recently formed Jewish cult of 
Christianity which soon spread outside of the Jewish diaspora and was adopted by many members of the slave class in ancient Roman 
society who found Christianity's doctrine of equality and brotherhood as appealing as the Christian admonishment condemning those who 


sought to increase their worldly riches and power over others. Christianity was brought to Ethiopia by Frumentius, a Lebanese-born 
Christian who became the first Bishop of Axum, and saw Christianity become the state religion of Ethiopia in the year 330 AD. 



Map showing the network of trade routes used by Jewish merchants (in blue), circa 870 AD, as reported in the account of ibn Khordadbeh in the Book 

of Roads and Kingdoms. Other trade routes of the period shown in purple 


Wherever the Jews settled they soon garnered the animosity of those who they lived among, owing to their unscrupulous business practices 
and usury. Writing in the first century, the Roman geographer Strabo said of them: "These Jem have penetrated into every city, and it would 
be difficult to find a single place in the inhabited world that has not received this race, and vtfiere it has not become master. " 

The first century Roman historian Tacitus also held a similarly unfavorable opinion of them, saying: "The practices of the Jem are 
malevolent and despicable, and have entrenched themselves by their very degeneracy. Deviants of the most depraved kind vtfio had no 
use for the religion of their predecessors, they took to collecting dues and contributions in order to smll the Jewsh treasury; and other 
reasons for their increasing malth may be found in their unrelenting loyalty and eager nepotism tomrds fellow Jem. But all the rest of 
the world they hold in contempt with the hatred reserved for enemies. They will not feed or intermarry with gentiles. Despite being overtly 
lustful as a race, the Jem shun carnal dealings with women foreign to their tribe. Among their own kind however, nothing is forbidden. 
They have adopted the practice of circumcision to show that they are different from others. Those seeking to convert to Judaism adopt 
the same practices, and the very first lesson they are taught is to despise the gods, shed all feelings of patriotism, and consider parents, 
children and brothers as readily expendable. Homver, the Jem make certain that their population increases." 

According to the 9th century Persian geographer, Ibn Khordadbeh in his The Book of 
Roads and Kingdoms, Jewish merchants embarking from the ports of southern 
France, would carry cargoes of slaves, brocades, and furs to the markets of 
Constantinople, Alexandria, and Damascus. The more venturesome would then 
proceed by caravan across the Fertile Crescent and sail from the Persian Gulf as far 
as India and China, to return with "musk, aloe, wood, camphor, cinnamon, and other 
products of the eastern countries" for distribution in the lands to the West. 

Long before Christianity was introduced to Europe by the religion's Jewish founders, 
Jews from Israel had already established themselves in parts of what was the ancient 
Roman Empire, as merchants, money-lenders, traders, actors, and entertainers; often 
traveling from village to village plying their trade and accumulating wealth. With the 
adoption of Christianity as the official state religion of the Roman Empire in the 4th 
century AD, the Jews who had migrated to Europe emerged as the principle source of 
financing, as the Christian Church strictly forbid Christians from charging interest on loans; but the Jews were exempt from this prohibition 
and were allowed to freely engage in usury, accumulating vast fortunes through the interest they charged on the money they lent. 

In many cases even the crowned heads of European royalty found themselves deeply indebted to the Jews due to their borrowing money to 
finance their frequent wars and the lavish courtly lifestyle. This led to the Jews sometimes acquiring high ranking positions of political power 
and influence in the courts of European government, but it also led to the Jews being repeatedly banished from nearly every country in 
Europe by rulers who found themselves too deeply in debt to their Jewish financiers. 

Following the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, and from Portugal in 1497, many Sephardic Jews living in those countries sought to 
avoid expulsion under the pretext of ostensibly converting to Catholicism and becoming known as "conversos" or "marranos", while others 




emigrated to the Dutch Republic. There they called themselves gente del linaje ("People of the (Jewish) lineage"), or homens da nagao, 
("Men of the (Jewish-Portuguese) Nation"). The Netherlands gained independence from Spain in 1648 as a result of the Eighty Years War, 
during which time a considerable number of Marrano merchants settled in London and formed there a secret congregation, at the head of 
which was Antonio Fernandez Carvajal. They conducted a large business with the Levant, East and West Indies, Canary Islands, and Brazil, 
and above all with the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal. The Dutch West India Company, a corporation invested in by a number of wealthy 
Jewish shareholders, sent 200 Jews to colonize Brazil in 1642. By the mid-1640s, approximately fifteen hundred Jewish inhabitants resided 
in the areas of northeastern Brazil controlled by the Dutch, where they established two congregations and employed the first rabbi in the 
Americas. 

By the late Middle Ages Jews in Europe had set up trade guilds, which functioned as cartels to control and regulate the practice different 
trades in a particular city. These guilds were similar to unions in that they existed to direct business to those who belonged to them, while 
directing business away from those who were not members. This allowed the Jews to organize themselves and work together to undermine 
their competition - gentile business owners. When moving to a new city, Jews would seek out the guild representing their particular 
profession (whether it was silver or gold smithing, wine and spirits, the garment industry, stationers and printers, or whatever trade that they 
made their living at), and the other Jews in the guild would decide whether or not they would allow them to join the guild. If they determined 
that the person seeking to join the guild was a Jew, then they were welcomed as members by their fellow Jews. If they were gentiles 
however, they were usually blackballed and kept out of the guild unless the Jews had a reason for wanting them to join their guild - i.e. if they 
had connections that would be useful to the Jews. 

By the early 1600s, there had been several attempts to establish a permanent British colony in North America for the purpose of securing 
material riches from the New World. The first of these, the Roanoke colony, chartered by Sir Walter Raleigh in what is now North Carolina in 
1584, failed, as had the Popham colony which was established in New England in what is now Maine in 1607 by the Plymouth Company, 
while the Jamestown Colony, also established in 1607 by the London Company in Virginia survived. Because of the failure of the Popham 
colony in New England, which had been abandoned by 1608, the shares of the Plymouth Company held by its stockholders had plummeted 
in value. This situation did not go unnoticed by a certain group of financial opportunists who called themselves the Company of Merchant 
Adventurers, which by that time had become heavily infiltrated by Jewish speculators operating a trade cartel which covered much of Europe 
and extended overseas. 

It was to the Company of Merchant Adventurers that the group of religious dissenters known as the Pilgrims went looking for financial 
backing, indenturing themselves to them as colonial laborers in return for the Merchant Adventurers covering the cost of their chartered 
passage to the New World, where the Pilgrims hoped to settle on a tract of land that they had obtained a charter for in Virginia from the 
London Company. Having at their disposal a group of earnest and willing laborers who had indentured themselves as colonists, the 
Company of Merchant Adventurers saw the opportunity to buy up stock in the failed Plymouth Company of New England at a bargain, and 
then develop a colony in New England by using the Pilgrims as the colony's laborers, which meant that the Pilgrims ended up being settled 
not in their intended destination on the warm and fertile shores of Virginia, but hundreds of miles to the north on the cold and stony shores of 
Massachusetts. Thus New England was established by means of the unscrupulous conniving and deception of ruthless, manipulative, 
Jewish financial speculators. 

In 1621 a Jew by the name of Elias Legarde arrived in Jamestown, Virginia, aboard the ship Abigail, having been brought over from France 
by Anthonie Bonall to assist in the wine-making industry begun by some of the early colonists of Virginia. In 1649 a Sephardic Jew named 
Solomon Franco arrived in Massachusetts from the Netherlands as an agent for Immanuel Perada, a Jewish merchant based in Holland. 
Franco had been sent to Boston to deliver supplies ordered by Edward Gibbons, a major general in the Massachusetts militia. When 
Franco attempted to collect payment from Gibbons for delivering the ordered goods, Gibbons refused saying that he had already paid 
Franco's employer, Immanuel Perada, for both the merchandise and the cost of shipping. The Massachusetts General Court ruled on May 6, 
1649 that Franco was to be expelled from the colony, granting him "six shillings per week out of the Treasury for ten weeks, for sustenance, 
till he can get his passage to Holland." 

Apart from their involvement in the Company of Merchant Adventurers, Jews owned controlling stock in the Dutch West India Company, 
which sent 200 Jews to colonize Brazil in 1642. By 1646, approximately fifteen hundred Jewish inhabitants resided in the areas of 
northeastern Brazil controlled by the Dutch, where they established two congregations and employed the first rabbi in the Americas. Among 
the members of the governing body of the Dutch West India Company were a number of wealthy Sephardic Jewish merchants who had 
become shareholders in the venture, having contributed more than thirty-six thousand guilders to the colony's initial capital. By 1658 these 
included: Abram Isaac Perera, Andres Cristoffel Nunes, Abrara Isaac Bueno, Bento Osorio, Joseph d'Acosta, Louys Rodrigues de Sousa, 
and Ferdinando Dias de Britto. By April 1658 they were joined by their fellow Jews: Francisco Vazde Crasto, Francisco lopo Henriques, 
Balth'r Alvares Naugera, Josepho de los Bios, Ruij Gommes Frontiera, Aron Chamis Vaz, Dionis Jennis, Diego Vaz de Sousa. The 
foregoing names are indicated as Jewish by a different style of writing than the other names in the lists, the 1656 list having the word 
"Jooden" or "Joode" opposite the names of Perera, Nunnes, Bueno and Osorio, and a later list in 1671 mentioning some of the other 
names as those of Jews. For March 1671 the following names occur under the heading of "Hebreen," or "Hebrews": Abraham Isaac Perera, 
Simon Louis Rodrigues de Souza, Aaron Chamiz Vaz, Jacob de Pinto, Jeronimo Nunes da Costa, Jacomo Fernando Ozorio, and Abraham 
Cohen. 


When their colony in Recife, Brazil, fell to the Portuguese, the Jews fled from the Portuguese Inquisition in Brazil and headed for the Dutch 



West India Company's colony of New Amsterdam in what is now New York, in 1655. The Dutch governor of New Amsterdam wrote to the 
board of Directors asking for permission to expel the Jews from the New Amsterdam colony because of their unscrupulous trade practices 
which were hurting gentile-owned businesses in the colony, and the directors of the Dutch West India Company told Stuyvesant that there 
was nothing they could do, that the Jews were to be allowed to stay there because the Dutch West India Company was controlled by Jewish 
stock-holders. 

Having been prevented by ordinances issued by Governor Stuyvesant from engaging in the domestic economy, the Jews quickly discovered 
that the territory inhabited by the Indians would be a fertile field. There were no laws preventing the Jews from trading with the Indians. In 
1656 a Sephardic Jew named Jacob Lumbrozo arrived in Maryland and established himself as a plantation-owner, merchant, Indian-trader, 
and a medical doctor. By 1661 Asser Levy, a Dutch Jew who arrived in New Amsterdam in 



JEWS AND THE SLAVE 
TRADE 


According to an interview given by Orthodox Rabbi Lody van de Kamp to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency newspaper on December 26, 
201 3: “Money was earned by Jewsh communities in South America, partly through slavery, and went to Holland, vtfiere Jewsh bankers 
handled it.. ..In one area ofvtfiat used to be Dutch Guyana, 40 Jewsh-owied plantations i^ere home to a total population of at least 5,000 
slaves,” he says. “Known as the Jodensavanne, or Jewsh Savannah, the area had a Jewsh community of several hundred before its 
destruction in a slave uprising in 1832. Nearly all of them immigrated to Holland, bringing their accumulated wealth with them." 


They came with ships carrying African blacks to be sold as slaves. The traffic in slaves was a royal monopoly, and the Jews were often 
appointed as agents for the Crown in their sale. They were the largest ship chandlers in the entire Caribbean region, where the shipping 
business was mainly a Jewish enterprise. The ships were not only owned by Jews, but were manned by Jewish crews and sailed under the 
command of Jewish captains 


Pr ivate Sa les. 

Pin ntoiwn on AiffltlJ - 

By Jacob Cobon & Son. 

ALFroi't Silt, »U tbit PLANTATION knoini at 
“AitiltUndi »qel ib* Jabu'f Ijlwd.iboal 

t itvf a mute from Ums ll St, conti tnf he nine ban dm 
tony (fHG) tiyfl-** huthlted*f « MeA^rflcitirud md La 

f ood jriiming raoditiasa. cm m* ptacaibtat id * flat 
LiiLd-encfl itrJ wai build Lap, *11 

Id tl H c cud n»rtolioul*9, to icwminodilt coniftritblF 
tJRbty dcjthki- ttb urb I I* tb* htiiilifil 

n.ri it tDj l|m* Sfluptcltd bf i poicilltfr! 
Cjjiaditionj^OnMhlidcwb, btluan io firtfqtuJia- 
rvu*! insutincutj. TJti nartfige of th« prepertj, Tur- 
cbl*m to par Vi Tor papwa. 

Apply i>itaveȣl BEGAD STHtET, 

D*£*mb>ri& thJluG Old SUli Bafik. 


tftyraf * tit 

BY J. Ml Li T. LEVH*. 

WILEi be KitiJ, <ki MONDAY, tKe ^UlruirT nut, at 
Uw Court Hi«ur, it 10 o'okdi t 
22 LIKELY NKORoeS, tho larger number at 
whieb ire young and -iHralds. Alponr tbrts srtKifhl 
Hiutd*, Hijf HtPi and E’nfriajftf DnvtM.HHUi^ 

Ae n wvd +if itn fbllriwrift£ itfr*- Kidiinti*rti W p Klrtw 31, 
YdiiukT 13. HilS* 11. A oikrr S, HuMMcto S. Uanij 'J. 
Itotmul D, TWuii 35. JHc Amtj jB.EIdriilg* 13, 
CbarLr*fi, S»ili Mri SO, Miry IK. «H]( lA, Guy 
12/Tilti L^i* 2. 

Tbe above Mi-grnM are wW fitf tbe purpo* of miking 
Kune otSurt 1n*eftta0Bl the prwwii*,*€i f+4c W1 

Tern*- » credit ofovf.tiMi and ibm Inf 
imjmbla ttokbar ef tin Bank*, »lrtb iwoor uvurtippnncd 
liodorwrt, *ilh iulem* ftw dii*. PnTvWcr* Uj pay 
f<*r [ifcu'rs. D«e-i3 

Wlver Wauhnmn w«l «pj U» iMe sod 
forward bill to the audioticrr* for pajannL 


Advertisements by Jewish slave traders from newspapers of the 1800s 

The West India Company, which monopolized imports of slaves from Africa, sold slaves at public auctions against cash payment. It 
happened that cash was mostly in the hands of Jews. The buyers who appeared at the auctions were almost always Jews, and because of 
this lack of competitors they could buy slaves at low prices. On the other hand, there also was no competition in the selling of the slaves to 
the plantation owners and other buyers, and most of them purchased on credit payable at the next harvest in sugar. Profits up to 300 percent 
of the purchase value were often realized with high interest rates. 

On the Caribbean island of Curacao, Dutch Jews may have accounted for the resale of at least 15,000 slaves landed by Dutch transatlantic 
traders, according to Seymour Drescher, a Jewish historian at the University of Pittsburgh. Jews were so influential in those colonies that 
slave auctions scheduled to take place on Jewish holidays often were postponed, according to Marc Lee Raphael, a professor of Judaic 
studies at the College of William & Mary. 

It was not until 1 655 that slavery for life became a legally sanctioned institution in the North American colonies however. In that year, Anthony 
Johnson, a free black Angolian who had been brought to Virginia as an indentured servant and who had worked off his term of indenture 
years earlier, went to court over the ownership of a black servant named John Casor, who Johnson claimed ownership of saying that Casor 
had been sold to him as his slave for life. Corroborating testimony in the case was provided by a Jewish merchant named Capt. Samuel 
Goldsmith, with the court deciding in Johnson's favor, legally recognizing John Casor as his slave for life, setting the precedent for lifetime 
slave ownership in the colonies of North America; a peculiar institution that Jewish sea-faring merchants and traders soon found extremely 
profitable. 

By the time of the American Revolution, over 30 Jewish families could be found in Newport, Rhode Island, alone, bearing family names such 
as Lopez, Levy, Rivera, Seixas, deToro (Touro), Gomez and Hays. In the New World, the Jews continued to engage in their long established 
careers as merchants and money lenders, manufacturers and sellers of alcoholic beverages, and were leaders in the forefront of the slave 


trade, amassing vast fortunes by importing and selling African slaves to the colonial plantations. 


Some of the Jews of Newport and Charleston who were engaged in the distillery or slavery trade, or both, were: Isaac Gomez, Hayman Levy, 
Jacob Malhado, Naphtaly Myers, David Hart, Joseph Jacobs, Moses Ben Franks, Moses Gomez, Isaac Dias, Benjamin Levy, David 
Jeshuvum, Jacob Pinto, Jacob Turk, Daniel Gomez, James Lucana, Jan de Sweevts, Felix (cha-cha) de Souza (known as the 'Prince of 
Slavers' and second only to Aaron Lopez), Simeon Potter, Isaac Elizer, Jacob Rod, Jacob Rodriguez Rivera, Haym Isaac Carregal, 
Abraham Touro, Moses Hays, Moses Lopez, Judah Touro, Abraham Mendes and Abraham All. 

The following is a partial list of the slave ships owned by Jews: 

'Abigail' owned by Aaron Lopez, Moses Levy and Jacob Franks. 
'Crown' owned by Isaac Levy and Nathan Simpson. 

'Nassau' owned by Moses Levy. 

'Four Sisters' owned by Moses Levy. 

'Anne & Eliza' owned by Justus Bosch and John Abrams. 

'Prudent Betty owned by Henry Cruger and Jacob Phoenix. 

'Hester' owned by Mordecai and David Gomez. 

'Elizabeth' owned by David and Mordecai Gomez. 

'Antigua' owned by Nathan Marston and Abram Lyell. 

'Betsy' owned by Wm. DeWoolf. 

'Pouy owned by James DeWoolf. 

'White Horse' owned by Jan de Sweevts. 

'Expedition' owned by John and Jacob Rosevelt. 

'Charlotte' owned by Moses and Sam Levy and Jacob Franks. 
'Caracoa' owned by Moses and Sam Levy. 

Slave-runners, also owned by Jews, were the 'La Fortuna', the 
'Hannah', the 'Sally, and the 'Venue'. 



In 1710 a Jewish immigrant named Jacob Franks arrived in New York from London and lived as a boarder in the 
household of Moses and Rachael Levy, later marrying their 16 year old daughter, Abigail in 1712. Acknowledged 
as a linguist and Judaic scholar, Jacob was the son of Adam Franks of Germany, a friend of King George of 
Hanover, who loaned that monarch the most valuable jewels in his coronation crown. Jacob Franks was the British 
king’s sole agent for the Northern Colonies at New York and his son David was the king’s agent for Pennsyvania. 
An eminent and wealthy merchant, he engaged in the slave trade, privateering, general commerce, and shipping. 
He was also very involved in the Jewish community and the construction of the Shearith Israel synagogue as well 
as president of the congregation in 1730. The Franks family was one of the leading families in Colonial New York, 
not only within the small Jewish community but also within the larger elite secular social circle comprised of 
prominent Protestant families. 



Jacob Franks 



Moses Levy, brother-in-law to Jacob Franks, was born in New York in the early 1 8th century. A prominent slave-trader 
and merchant, Moses Levy of New York and Newport, was one of several Ashkenazi Jewish families in Newport at 
that time. Levy lived in one of Newport's large colonial mansions at 29 Touro Street, which he willed to Moses Seixas 
in 1792. Levy was also one of the original benefactors of Touro Synagogue. 

Samson Levy, a Jewish merchant living in Philadelphia, led a boycott in November, 1765, against the importation of 
goods from England to the colonies by signing a resolution along with six other Philadelphia Jewish merchants in 
protest against the tax known as the Stamp Act. 


Aaron Lopez, was born in 1731 in Lisbon, Portugal, as "Duarte Lopez" to a Jewish family who had ostensibly 
converted to Catholicism in order to avoid deportation but secretly continued to practicing Judaism. Lopez followed 
his older brother, Moses, to North America in 1752, where he immediately dropped the Christian name Duarte, took 
the Hebrew name Aaron, submitted to ritual circumcision, and began openly living as a Jew. Settling in Newport, 

Rhode Island, where his brother had located a decade earlier. Like his uncle and future father-in-law, Aaron 
established himself as a whale-oil merchant and a manufacturer of spermaceti candles. In 1761, Aaron, 

Jacob Rodriguez Rivera, and seven other merchants formed a cartel to control the price and distribution of whale oil. 

That same year he and Jacob Rodriguez Rivera, purchased a brigantine sailing ship named Grayhound which sailed 
to Africa in 1763, bringing back a cargo of 134 Africans who were sold as slaves to fellow Jew, Isaac de Costa, in Aaron Lopez 
South Carolina. Four captains made thirteen of the voyages to Africa, bringing back some 1,275 black slaves. 

Between 1761 and 1774, Aaron Lopez underwrote 21 slave ships and by the beginning of the Revolutionary War, he owned or controlled 30 
vessels. Lopez soon amassed a vast fortune through shipping, the slave trade, candle making, distilling rum, producing chocolate, textiles, 





clothing, shoes, hats, bottles and barrels. By the early 1770s, Lopez had become the wealthiest person in Newport and his tax assessment 
was twice that of any other resident. 


f < 


Jacob Rivera 


Jacob Rodriguez Rivera (uncle and father-in-law of Aaron Lopez) hailed from a Marrano family from Seville, 
Spain. He arrived in Newport via Curacao in 1748 where he became a prosperous merchant and slave-trader. 
Next to Aaron Lopez, Rivera occupied the highest position in the commercial, religious and social life of 
Newport’s Jewish community. His daughter Sarah, married Aaron Lopez and his son Jacob owned a grand 
mansion on the Parade that is today located at 8 Washington Square. 

In 1747 Isaac de Costa, a Sephardic Jew born in London, arrived in Charleston, South Carolina, where he 
established himself as a merchant, shipping-agent, and slave-trader, who built a considerable fortune bringing 
hundreds of black slaves overseas from Africa. Isaac da Costa had been initiated into Freemasonry and 
appointed a Masonic Deputy Inspector General by fellow Jew Moses Michael Hayes and went on to establish 
the Sublime Grand Masonic Lodge of Perfection in Charleston prior to his death in 1783. 


In 1756 Moses Lindo, a Sephardic Jew born in London in 1712, arrived in Charleston, South Carolina, where he established himself as a 
slave-owning planter and merchant in the cochineal and indigo trade with London. Lindo imported 49 slaves from Barbados to his South 
Carolina plantation in the 1750s. At one point in his career he ran an advertisement in the South Carolina Gazette stating that: "If any person 
is wiling to part wth a plantation of 500 acres wth 60 or 70 Negroes, I am ready to purchase it for ready money" In 1762 he iaqs 
appointed "Surveyor and Inspector-General of Indigo, Drugs, and Dyes." 


Also arriving in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1756, was Moses Lindo's twenty year old 
indentured servant, Jonas Phillips, who had been born Jonah Feibush in Frankfurt, 
Germany. After serving his term of indenture, Phillips moved first to Albany, New York in 
1759, and then to New York City, where he became a merchant and dealer in slaves. By 
1760 Phillips had joined the New York Lodge of Freemasons, and served 
as shohet (ritual slaughterer) and bodek (examiner of meat) for Shearith Israel. Settling in 
Philadelphia just before the American Revolution, Phillips was a staunch advocate of the 
Non-Importation Agreement, and by the beginning of the Revolutionary War he supported 
the cause of American Independence and in 1778 he enlisted in the Philadelphia militia. 
By the year 1782 was the second wealthiest Jew in the city. He and his wife Rebecca 
Mendes Machado maintained their South Carolina ties through several of their 21 


TO BE SOLD BY 

y O N A S PHILLIPS. 

At his Aorfl, th* fouih Ikle of MirlMt-fluet, betw«» 
Front and Second -flreefs, 

A neat aflortment of Dry Goods, viz * 

R USSIA Meetings, RuEfij drillkigR, ravens duck, and 
canvas for tight fails, fiftl hooks of all forts, cliinE t- 
rffr caUkoeii niufltn* 1 , M.irfailles quilting, morons, Aik 
luttflringa, Brit. annus and Iriffr linens, camblm, hair 
pi of El, ivory Com ba, garter?, line and coir ft broadcloths, 
checks, fcwjng fi]ks p window glifs, white lead, yctJovr 
oker, Spanifli brown,, ginger, stfpice., and futithr/ 
DEher good*, cheap for hard cafh, or flare money. 

N. B. A young handy NEGRO MAW, abooi nine- 
teen years of age, to be fold, Enquire at the flore* 

7 ujjjf 16, 17S1. ** + 


children. 


Benjamin Mordecai of Charleston was one of the largest slave traders in South Carolina. Of his participation in the Civil War the Boston 
Transcript reported that Mordecai "has presented to his belligerent state and city $10,000, to aid the purpose of secession, wth the offer 
besides of a large number of negroes to work in the cause..." In 1857, he advertised in the Charleston Courier, "Prime Field Negros and 
House Servants" for sale. They included: Coachmen and House Servants Cooks, Seamstresses, Washers and Ironers - Tom, 25 years of 
age John, 21 Lilburn, 24 Isaac, 22 Elvy, 18 Amelia, 22 Lydia, 40 Louisa, 40 Patsy, 19; Nurse Field Hands and Laborers Caroline, 17 Betsy, 
17 Catherine, 16 Octavia, 16 Mary, 28 Sarah, 30; w/ child Sarah, 18 Saunders, 22 Sampson, 30 Moses, 33; woodworker Henry, 20 
Lawrence, 45 Dave, 25; laborer Henry, 22; tailor Lucy, 1 9 Margaret, 1 6 Milly, 1 7 Salina, 1 6 Nancy, 20; with 2 children Susan, 30 Caroline, 1 8 
Benjamin, 25 Sam, 16; ploughboy Lindsay, 27 Isaac, 18 Byron, 22 Nat, 30. As a merchant and sailor, Mordecai regularly shipped slaves to 
New Orleans between 1846 and 1860 and bought at least 102 slaves at Charleston district judicial sales of the 1850s. 

In 1757 Isaac Monsanto, a Sephardic Jew born in the Netherlands arrives in New Orleans by way of Curacao establishing himself as a 
merchant and engaging in the business of shipping slaves and cargo from the Caribbean to the Gulf of Mexico. In 1767 Monsanto 
purchased a plantation known as Trianon outside of New Orleans. By the time the second Spanish governor took control in 1769, expelling 
the Jews from Louisiana, Isaac Monsanto had become one of New Orleans' wealthiest merchants. Linder Spanish rule, Monsanto was 
stripped of his holdings and forced to leave the territory, relocating to the town of Mancha near Lake Pontchartrain in British territory, where 
he was joined by his brothers, Manuel, Jacob and Benjamin; while their sisters relocated to Pensacola, then part of British West Florida. 
Following Isaac's death in 1 778, Manuel, Jacob and Benjamin Monsanto continued to manage their mercantile firm, dealing not only in dry 
goods but in real estate, commodities, debt collection and slaves. Records show that Benjamin Monsanto traded thirteen slaves for some 
three thousand pounds of indigo in 1 785. By 1 790, Manuel and Jacob had set up shop on Toulouse Street in New Orleans, while Benjamin 
and his wife Clara moved to a 500 acre plantation worked by eleven slaves on St Catherine's Creek near Natchez, Mississippi, where he 
continued operating part of the family business until his death in 1794. The Monsanto chemical corporation was founded by John Francis 
Queeny, who married Olga Mendez Monsanto, daughter of Emmanuel Mendes de Monsanto, a descendant of this family. 

David Levy Yulee was born David Levy on June 12, 1810, on the island of St. Thomas. His father, a Sephardic Jew 
named Moses Elias Levy was a cousin and business partner of Phillip Benjamin, the father of future Confederate 
Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin, and had made a fortune in lumber while living in the Caribbean. After the 
family immigrated to the United States, David's father purchased 50,000 acres of land near present-day 
Jacksonville, Florida, where he hoped to establish a "New Jerusalem" for Jewish settlers. In 1845, after Florida was 



admitted as a state, hebecame the first Jew elected to the United States Senate. Levy officially changed his name 
to David Levy Yulee (adding his father's Sephardic surname) in 1846. Using the labors of 69 slaves, Yulee built the a 
sugar mill which began operating in 1851 to process the sugar cane grown on his 5,100 acre plantation along the 
Homosassa River. By the time of the Civil War, the Yulee Sugar Mill was employing the labors of more than 100 
slaves when in full operation. In 1853 Yulee chartered the Florida railroad for which he began issuing public stock, 
as the Florida Railroad in 1853. His company began construction in 1855. With state grants obtained through his 
Florida Internal Improvement Act of 1855, Yulee began securing federal and state land grants to build a network of 
railroads through the Florida wilderness On March 1, 1861, the first train arrived from the east in Cedar Key, just 
weeks before the beginning of the Civil War. Elected to the Senate again in 1855, Yulee served until January 21, 
1861, when he withdrew from the Senate after Florida seceded. He joined the Congress of the Confederacy. His 
development of the railroads was his most important achievement and contribution to the state of Florida, bringing increased economic 
development to the state. 



Judah P. Benjamin, a Sephardic Jewish immigrant born in 1811 on Saint Croix in the Virgin Islands, he was 
brought to the United States by his parents in 1813 at the age of two. In 1833 he married Natalie Bauche de St. 

Martin, the 16-year-old daughter of a prominent and wealthy New Orleans French Creole family. He purchased a 
sugar cane plantation in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, along with 150 slaves. In 1852, he was elected by the state 
legislature to the US Senate from Louisiana, becoming the second Jewish senator in U.S. history, after the 
election of his cousin, David Levy Yulee, in 1845. After Louisiana seceded from the Union in 1861, Benjamin 
resigned from his seat as a U.S. senator and was appointed as the Attorney General of the Confederate States 
11 days later by Jefferson Davis. In September 1861, Benjamin became the acting Confederate Secretary of War 
and was later appointed as the Confederate Secretary of State in March 1862. In the aftermath following the end 
of the Civil War, Benjamin and Davis were suspected of plotting the assassination of Abraham Lincoln carried out by John Wilkes Booth. 
Fearing that he would be brought to justice, Benjamin fled to the United Kingdom where, with the aid of the Jewish Lord Rothschild, he 
obtained a position as a barrister and in 1872 was appointed Queen's Counsel, during the time when Britain's first Jewish Prime Minister, 
Benjamin Disraeli, was in office. 



Judah P. Benjamin 


John Wilkes Booth (May 1 0, 1 838 - April 26, 1 865) a famous American stage actor was a member of the prominent 
19th century Booth theatrical family from Maryland. According to the autobiography of his sister Asia Booth, their 
father, Junius Brutus Booth, was “born in 1796 to a highly educated clan ofJewsh lawyers and silversmiths.” The 
Booth family were originally Sephardic Jewish wine merchants from Portugal who ran a business exporting wine 
through the ports of northern England as far back as 1569. John Wilkes Booth's paternal great-great-great- 
grandfather was Ricardo Botha, who born in 1675 and settled in England, he changed his name from Botha to Booth. 
His grandson, John Booth, Jr., (1723-1787), was a silversmith established in London, England. He married Elizabeth 
Wilkes (1 720-1 801 ); John's sons John and Philip founded a London distillery in 1 740 and began selling Booth's dry 
gin, eventually becoming the largest gin distillery in the UK; while his son Richard (John Wilkes Booth's grandfather) 
was an attorney. Richard's son, Junius Brutus Booth (1796-1852), was a well-known Shakespearean actor in 

England and America. 

In his 1865 biography of John Wilkes Booth, George Alfred Townsend writes of Junius Brutus Booth: "The elder Booth in every land was a 
sojourner, as all his fathers were of Hebrew descent, and by a line of actors, he united in himself that.strong Jewsh physiognomy which, 
in its nobler phases, makes all that is dark and beautiful, and the combined vagrancy of all men of genius and all men of the stage. 
Fitful, powerful,- passionate, his life i^as a succession of vices and triumphs." Following Lincoln's assassination, Booth fled on horseback 
to southern Maryland, eventually making his way to a farm in rural northern Virginia 12 days later, where he was tracked down. Booth's 
companion gave himself up, but Booth refused and was shot by a Union soldier after the barn in which he was hiding was set ablaze. Eight 
other conspirators or suspects were tried and convicted, and four were hanged shortly thereafter. 



John Wilkes Booth 


In 1844 Henry Lehman, a 23-year-old son of a Jewish cattle trader from Rimpar, Bavaria, arrived in the 
United States. Settling in Montgomery, Alabama, he opened a dry-goods store under the name of "H. 

Lehman". He was soon joined by his younger brothers Emanuel in 1 847, and Mayer Lehman, in 1 850, at 
which time his business became known as "Lehman Brothers." Although Henry died from yellow fever in 
1858, his brothers Emanuel and Mayer Lehman continued operating the family business he had founded 
and soon grew wealthy as middlemen in the cotton trade, routinely accepting raw cotton from customers 
as payment for merchandise which they warehoused and then sold to other brokers or banks in New 
York and Liverpool, England. Within a few years this business grew to become the most significant part 
of their operation and by By 1860 their holdings included seven slaves. Emanuel Lehman moved to New 
York and opened a branch office in Manhattan at 119 Liberty Street, where in 1862, the firm teamed up 
with a cotton merchant named John Durr to form Lehman, Durr & Co. Following the Civil War, the company helped finance Alabama's 
reconstruction. The firm's headquarters were eventually moved to New York City, where it helped found the New York Cotton Exchange in 
1870; Emanuel sat on the Board of Governors until 1884. The firm also dealt in the emerging market for railroad bonds and entered the 
financial-advisory business. 





I.....-., >_ r\-- /r, , | 

NEGROES, NEGROES. 



= 


Tl W bu>. Ju-il HirrJrn^i Ip Unp* 

bln from Vl^lkli, nllh Ik IlkHj Jill ol Ur- 
UTOf*, JG Id fin m W r, rMbrurlafl r tery 

flhmJi- Hud TurHj, ll** him «rwRiii(rtMt% 

rbmlibft Wihls Arid hutlil** HUil dattblN H*l 

Ihwthl luablr talllllhr MIL of *n } wl» m»j 
w*mi I* boj> Hr ha* »W iirp Ina 1m wired 
arcrwi Ira Ibl* irfthm, WMlh la Cbb r«aalj t 
anil dullem hliUFll (bat hr bran *o (kr kIt» 
«HlMurLI«u ti* hi* parrhBj*rr*» Krtm a rens* 
liir Inidrr Lv Ibl* Hirkrl hr lii helbtta^ !• 
^alu bj paUrf'prrKTDlutlaa, uih! will* ibprp- 
ftrr, wirtmt r»rrjf nrcra *#ld In mnar ip to 
(hr lil lb Hiurrl} mill roiHpIrtrljK* UIt« bla 
n Cflril (tl hi* 5fa(rl, 

M J. F. MOSES. 

lAVUf,0>iIn I ,1b, 1SJ0, 


PUBLIC SALE. 

On the 17 th day of July 1832, 

W ill bt Mild m ilic lulr re^tkewx tTJnrwh M9H* 

ibf'rf.lk, frlhmittr |HD}frt4)i ’«i 

MXiitoix, 

.Urn, HMiironnd 4'hJhtrrn* firow HA I* 3t® l»uaher,Killi 
ItoFW*, Hoe** Stwp iiiitl 1 C-urrioiir, I <ils, I 

Wojfoo, wllh ilwhtmtt^lK'lohfclw to cttHit Hh furl. :S 
l ake of 0\rn,u mmntily of old 4 <«■», :m l^hirfcn n«wk* 
llou^fiold awrt Klldini FI T R3flTI Hi- **4 iM| oilier 
urtirli 1 * Clhh k'llttm* inairuiSou, 

tMufwikstt inll In' an » rndfl flf l will oih*. Ji>r *3; '«■«*- 

nf iiriil mnlrr. twh <h hW* ibr jm re-iun-Wjil Kltf Imml uml 
(j d ii ml umlikct (d bi 1 rtiM.Til! unfit I In 1 1 1 Tie- fcfW* u|y rilwrflHI (fUb Kulr *«* 
mwnKlin PI lt» i II , anil roftUtultr frwn Any ii*rfn;i lUlryi? m.tfc* 

nrpIVpf'rtf tirLmi|ln£ III «4li| mllili’ i* I*U* »tti'»ltHUT 'V||| Nc y;h ril rn 

a t vri utur fin Mild rtNiitit 1 

EFlIft MTI SIIIHIW NKY, ffrrW. 

* ri, j-i.f s *i, ihm 

e O- e v " 



£«(?**•& <=-• 


-- J 


Among the founders of Richmond, Virginia's Jewish community were men such as Israel and Jacob I. Cohen, Samuel Myers, Jacob 
Modecai, Solomon Jacobs, Joseph Marx, Zalma Rehine and Baruch and Manuel Judah, all slave holders. Following the Revolutionary War, 
Richmond was a town of some 2000 people, half of whom were slaves. By 1788, 17% of the White population were Jews and all but one of 
the Jewish householders held at least one slave as a domestic servant, with one Jewish family owning three. According to Jewish historian, 
Jacob Rader Marcus, by 1820 "over 75 percent of all Jewish families in Charleston, Richmond, and Savannah owned slaves, employed as 
domestic servants; almost 40 percent of all Jewish households in the United States owned one slave or more" ( United States Jewry ; 1776- 

1985, pg. 585). 

Writing in the journal of his travels throughout the South in the mid 19th 
century, author Fredrick Law Olmsted noted: "There is a considerable 
population of foreign origin, generally of the least valuable class; very dirty 
German Jews, especially, abound, and their characteristic shops (w ith their 
characteristic smells, quite as bad as in Cologne) are thickly set in the 
narrowest and meanest streets, wiiich seem otherwise to be mainly 

inhabited by negroes A swarm of Jews has, within the last ten years, 

settled in every Southern town, many of them men of no character, 
opening cheap clothing and trinket shops, ruining or driving out of 
business many of the old retailers, and engaging in an unlawful trade with 
the simple Negroes, wiiich is found very profitable." Similarly, Mark Twain 
commented: "In the U. S. cotton states, after the wnr, the Jew came down in 
force, set up shop on the plantation, supplied all the negroes' wants on 
credit, and at the end of the season was the proprietor of the negro's share of the present crop and part of the next one. Before long the 
whites detested the Jew." 



David Moses & Sons, a 19th century Jewish-owned dry-goods store 


Civil War Union General William Tecumseh Sherman on arriving in the South was astonished by the number of 
Jewish carpetbaggers and scalawags that he encountered operating in the Confederate states, saying: "I 
found so many Jews & speculators here trading in cotton and secessionists had become open in refusing 
anything but gold that I have found myself bound to stop it." General Ulysses Grant wrote to the Assistant 
Adjutant General of the US Army on December 17, 1862, : "I have long since believed that in spite of all the 
vigilance that can be infused into post commanders, the specie regulations of the Treasury Department 
have been violated, and that mostly by the Jews and other unprincipled traders. So well satisfied have I been 
of this that I instructed the commanding officer at Columbus to refuse all permits to Jews to come South, and 
I have frequently had them expelled from the department. But they come in with their carpet-sacks in spite ol 
all that can be done to prevent it. The Jews seem to be a privileged class that can travel anywhere. They will 
land at any woodyard on the river and make their way through the country. If not permitted to buy cotton 
themselves, they will act as agents for someone else, who will be at a military post with a Treasury permit to 
receive cotton and pay for it in Treasury notes wiiich the Jew will buy at an agreed rate, paying gold. " 



Jewish carpetbagger 


Late in the year of 1865, just a few short months after the battered and exhausted 
Confederate military had surrendered, bringing the American Civil War to a close, a 
group of six white Southern war veterans met on Christmas Eve in the law office of 
Judge Thomas M. Jones of Pulaski, Tennessee. Vowing to rid the South of the 
predominately Jewish carpetbaggers and scalawags who descended on the former 





Initiation ceremony into the Ku Klux Klan 


Confederate states like a plague of locusts intent on profiteering by exploiting 
Southerners, both black and white. Those six veterans were soon joined by hundreds of 
others the following year as members of a secret vigilante organization named the 
Ku Klux Klan, whose goal was to end Reconstruction and restore White Southern rule 
and order by regaining political control of the South. By 1869, Nathan Bedford Forest, 
the appointed leader of the KuKlux Klan, resigned his leadership and called for the 
organization to be disbanded, saying that the Klan was "being perverted from its 
original honorable and patriotic purposes, becoming injurious instead of subservient 
to the public peace". 


Half a century after the original Ku Klux Klan was inaugurated, William Joseph Simmons, a former Methodist 
clergyman from Harpersville, Alabama, successfully launched a new Knights of the Ku Klux Klan secret society in 
1915, promoting it as a patriotic, pro-American, Protestant Christian fraternal organization. 

Following his dismissal by the Methodist Episcopal Church for his "ineffective ministry", William J. Simmons made 
his living by selling memberships in fraternal societies such as the Knights of Pythias, the Odd Fellows, the Free 
Masons, etc. In 1915, while recovering from having been struck by an automobile walking door to door selling 
memberships in fraternal orders, Simmons had read Thomas Dixon's 1905 best-selling historical romance novel 
The Clansman which was based on the Civil War and the events that led to the founding of the original 
Ku Klux Klan. 



William Joseph Simmons 


Dixon's novel was such a sensation that D.W. Griffith, an early motion picture producer and director, decided to make a movie based on The 
Clansman which was eventually renamed The Birth of a Nation, set to debut in Atlanta, Georgia, on the Thanksgiving holiday weekend. 
Griffith's movie hit the theaters at a time when many white Southerners were beginning to feel a deep resentment toward the Jewish 
community in America, which was growing increasingly progressive in their views regarding African Americans who were being 
manipulated to desegregate American society by wealthy Jewish business owners such as Julius Rosenwald, who in 1908 became the 
president and CEO of Sears Roebuck Co., and used his millions to build schools for blacks throughout the South. 



Jewish convicted child-rapist and murderer, Leo Frank (left), and his 14 year old victim, Mary Phagan (right). 

Southern antisemitism reached a fevered pitch in 1915 due to outrage over the commuted death sentence of convicted murderer, Leo 
Frank, a young Jewish businessman who raped and murdered a 14 year old girl named Mary Phagan, who worked as a child-laborer in the 
Atlanta pencil factory where Frank was employed as an executive. Frank had tried to frame a black man, James Conley, who worked in the 
factory as a janitor with the girl's murder, but the jury which indicted Frank did not buy his story. The public outcry over Leo Frank's death 
sentence having been commuted by an outgoing judge (who everyone suspected of having been paid-off by the newly formed Jewis Anti 
Defamation League which was originally organized to raise funds for Leo Frank's defense) led to the formation of a vigilante committee 
composed of a number of gentile businessmen in Atlanta, who called themselves the "Knights of Mary Phagan " and formed a lynch mob 
which drove to the Millidgeville, Georgia, jail where Leo Frank had been taken, which forcibly dragged Frank out of his cell and hung him in 
the name of justice. 


These events coincided with the release of D.W. Griffith's new motion picture, and William 
Joseph Simmons decided the time was right to found a new fraternal society that he would 
lead, which he decided to model after the Ku Klux Klan of the late 1860's, as it was being 
portrayed in D.W. Griffith's new film. Simmons hired Atlanta publicity agents, Elizabeth 
Tyler, and Edward Young Clarke to promote his new Ku Klux Klan fraternal order, allowing 
them a 1/3 cut of the initiation fees for new members. An advertisement was placed in the 
Atlanta newspaper calling for prospective members to join, printed alongside the 
announcement for the premier of D.W. Griffith's film. 



W CRIFEITH S 


THE BIRTH OF A 


FOU?fPEB orv 
rrtOKAS DJ SON -S 


ATION 


THE CLANSMAN 


Movie poster advertising D.W. Griffith's Birth of a 
Nation 


The Birth of a Nation proved to be a box-office sensation, and by timing the founding of his 
new Ku Klux Klan fraternal society to coincide with the release of Griffith's film; Simmons 
capitalized on the opportunity to attract charter members to his new organization, and rode 
the wave of popularity of the movie, welcoming an audience who were eager to become 
Ku Klux Klan members just as they had seen portrayed in the theater. 

By 1920 membership in Simmon's Klan grew to number in the thousands, however he was 
eventually overthrown as leader of the KKK after Jewish-controlled newspapers launched a 
smear campaign against the Klan in an attempt to crush it following the 1915 lynching of 
Leo Frank. The fact that many of those who formed the lynch mod which hung Leo Frank 
were among the charter members of Simmons' new Klan fraternal order led to Simmons 
being brought before Congress who eventually exonerated the Klan after determining that it 
was a patriotic American institution 



William Joseph Simmons was eventually ousted as the national leader of the Ku 
Klx Klan by another Alabama native, Hiram Wesley Evans, who joined the Klan 
in 1920 and took over as Imperial Wizard of the KKK in 1922 in a coup 
organized by the Klan's hired publicity agents, Elizabeth Tyler, and Edward 
Young Clarke, along with D. C. Stephenson, an Indiana politician and major Klan 
figure. They deceived Simmons into agreeing to a reorganization of the Klan that 
removed his practical control; Simmons said that they had claimed that if he 
remained the Imperial Wizard of the Klan, discord would hamper the 
organization. Evans gained power and was formally ensconced as Imperial 
Wizard of the Klan at a November 1922 "Klovokation" in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Although a legal battle between Evans and Simmons ensued, during which time 
Simmons was titular "emperor", Evans retained control. He initially said that he 
had been unaware of a pending coup until after his selection. However, by the 

Klan parade in Washington, D.C., in 1925 

end of their feud, he described Simmons as the "leader of Bolshevik Klansmen 

betraying the movement" and later expelled the former leader. In 1923, Evans presided over the largest Klan gathering in history, attended 
by over 200,000, and endorsed several successful candidates in 1924 elections. He moved the Klan's headquarters from Atlanta to 
Washington, D.C., and organized a march of 30,000 members, the largest march in the organization's history, on Pennsylvania Avenue. 



Under Evans' leadership, the Klan became active in Indiana and Illinois, rather than focusing on the Southeastern U.S. as it had done in the 
past. It also grew in Michigan, where 40,000 members (more than half its total) lived in Detroit. It became characterized as an organization 
prominent in urban areas of the Midwest, where it attracted U.S.-born citizens competing for industrial jobs with recent immigrants. It also 
attracted members in Nebraska, Colorado, Oregon and Washington. In spite of Evans' efforts, the Klan was buffeted by damaging publicity 

in the early 1920s, due in part to internal leadership struggles which 
hindered Evans' political efforts. The Great Depression of the 1930's 
significantly decreased the Klan's income, prompting Evans to work 
fora construction company to supplement his pay. He resign in 1939, 
after his renouncement of anti-Catholicism proved to be so 
unpopular with "rank-and-file Klansmen", that he was effectively 
forced to step down as the Klan's national leader. He was 
succeeded by his chief of staff, James A. Colescott, who ran the 
organization until 1944 when he was ultimately coerced into 
disbanding the Ku Klux Klan by the Internal Revenue Services who, 

under pressure from Jewish politicians, had filed a $685,305 lien 
The Klan marches in front of Gol^.e.s, a^sh-ov.ed store in Prescott, against the K|an for unpaid texes , pena|ties and interest dating back 

to the 1920's on initiation fees and dues received from its members. 


During the 1 950s and 1 960s as Jews sought to further agitate blacks pushing them toward dissent in their efforts to promote multiculturalism 
and integration, a number of splinter groups around the country sought to revive the Klan as a measure of resistance against the progressive 


policies that they saw as being damaging to American society. These revivalist Klan groups were quickly infiltrated by Jews with the intend 
of leading them in directions that would damage their reputation and cause them to be looked upon unfavorably, especially through the 
biased lens of the Jewish-dominated media. Most notable among these Jewish Klan infiltrators was Daniel Burros, who came to an untimely 
death that as officially ruled a suicide, once the fact of his Jewish background was discovered. 


Jewish Ancestry Ifevealed, 
NY Klan Chief Kills Self 


I ff** frtt* £*;<!** TflhlM iPi«i 

reading, pfl. Ilimjti* 

after New York * lop Kii SJlW 
Klan leader (Uncovered that 
hi* wrrt JewUh Kickgmind 
hud Imen publicly eijWfrd, h* 
Mint blnwlf in (Hath Sunday 
wUnc**** told poll cr 

Daniel fliirm,'. "K of N>w 
York CR)\ rtuitl ft n«Wap*prr 
alary ptvinjc detail.' of hh 
JruUh Upbringing Wen .**ni 
* l I n*«e It's nil written about 
me in the pap*** I've ln 
get a ran. I'll kill my mil." 

* i # 

Eli: FOl’ND n .13 rail bet 
revolver and killed htmwlf 
with ft ehot in the cheat fob 
lowed by another m the head, 
Tim WittHttWO were Roy K. 
Frank liouswr, 35 the J£hin*p 
Grand timgrin in Feniwylva* 
nia, with whom Burro* wan 
■laying? Frank Rotcllit, 5*. of 
Naw York, and Regina Kid* 
aumki* ti* who shares Frank- 
hmiur'fl Rfutbtt 



Ihinirl llurrov 


baa Imrn employed hv the 
New York City Department 
Helfert n* n raar worker* HU 
riii t Jr* Included d rating with 


l; 

*d by the welfare depart- l 
ment when hm aetlviuo* with 
the Klan became known. 

Burrow, n for mar rtntioruil 
*WtUry of the American 
Njud Party, w*a Identified 
net 2h a* a Grand Dragon 
id t hr Klan In charge of New 
York Slate His hUlory in* 
eluded anti -Semitic *j>eorh*5 
*m behalf of the 
Nasi Party 

* * * 

l REPORTER for the New 
York Time* dug up the Jew- 
ish hack ground of the 
paunchy, beepecUded Klana- 
man and the result* warn 
puhhtthed Sunday* 

The ittveaUgauan showed 
that Burma w*a the mn of 
parent* who wire mamed 
in a Jewish ceremony, He 
W*a a star pupil in a He- 
brew school in n Queens Wynn, 
fiog and Inter received a bnr 
umtvifc* 

When Uw Timer, reporter 


BACK 


NEXT 


Jewish exploitation of African Americans 



Early on, Jews had found that superstition and belief in magic among the less educated 
classes of both Black and White Americans was a source of great untapped financial 
potential that they could single-handedly capitalize on. For years, Jewish stage magicians 
had earned considerable fortunes entertaining audiences in America as far back as the 
1700s when Jacob Philadelphia (born Jacob Meyer), captivated spectators by performing 
illusions by slight of hand. The Vaudeville circuits of the late 19th and early 20th centuries 
saw numerous Jewish entertainers performing stage magic acts across America, while 
Jewish booking agents often made careers of managing the acts of other entertainers such 
as the African American stage magician known as "Black Herman" (born Benjamin Rucker) 
whose performance tours were organized by his agent, a Mr. Young, who also operated an 
occult supply business known as Oracle Products Company which sold various types of 
incense, herbs, oils and other products such as "Young's Chinese Wash" along with 
publishing several books such as the ghost-written biography of Black Herman entitled 
"Secrets of Magic, Mystery, and Legerdemain" which was intended for sale at Black 
Herman's stage shows, along with other titles written by Mr. Young under the pseudonym 
"Lewis De Claremont", such as 7 Keys to Power, 7 Steps to Success, The Ancient's Book 
of Magic, The Ancient Book of Formulas, and Legends of Incense, Herb, and Oil Magic 
which encouraged readers to purchase the various incense, herbs, oils and washes 
marketed by Young's Oracle Products Company during the 1930s. 


By 1938, Mr. Young had fallen on hard times and as payment for a debt that he owed, he transferred the publication rights of all of his books 
over to Joseph W. Kay (born Joseph Spitalnick) a Jewish-American jazz musician who began publishing occult books as the founder of 
Dorene Publishing Company while operating an occult supply company called Fulton Religious Supply, as 
well as publishing various other saddle-stitched booklets under the Empire Publishing and Raymond 
Publishing imprints. For nearly 30 years, Joe Kay continued to print and sell Young's Lewis De Claremont's 
numerous titles through Dorene Publishing, a business that was inherited by his son, Ed Kay, who 
continued to market occult books to the largely African-American hoo-doo community through the end of 
the twentieth century. 

The Lucky Heart Company of Memphis, Tennessee is one of the oldest surviving manufacturers of beauty 
products for the African-American market. Like many other such companies it was founded during the 
years immediately after World War One by Jewish American chemists and pharmacists, in this case 
members of the Joseph Menke and Morris Shapiro families. LeRue Marx was the company's chief 
chemist, and for a number of years, Marcus Menke, a relative of Joseph Menke who later went on to found 
the Clover Horn Company in Baltimore, Maryland, was employed as a salesman. The Shapiro family still 
owns the company. During the 1920s and 1930s Lucky Heart added a line of supplies for hoodoo root 
workers, including dressing oils, self-lighting incense, and scented sachet powders. 


ILIE45IEND& 



According to Lucky Heart's former chemist and warehouse manager LeRue Marx, the Lucky Heart line of 
dressing oils, self-lighting incense powders, and scented sachets was made on the premises in 
Memphis but many of the curios sold by Lucky Heart, especially the herbs, roots, and minerals, were 
repackaged from bulk shipments purchased from Morton Neumann's Chicago-based Famous Products 
Distribution. Famous Products was the wholesale operation that lay behind both Neumann's hoodoo- 
oriented King Novelty Company and his cosmetics manufactory, Valmor Beauty Products, which sold 
perfumes, skin bleaches, and hair straighteners for African-Americans under the brand names Sweet 



Georgia Brown, Madame Jones, and Lucky Brown. During the 1930s and early 1940s, The Shapiro 
Family's Lucky Heart products, like Neumann's King Novelty and Valmor brands, were marketed through 
a system of agents within the Jewish-American retail community. 



LeRue Marx was born in 1913 and had lived his entire life in Memphis. His parents, Lee and Julia Marx, were 
Jewish, and his father was a cousin of the famous Marx Brothers comedians of vaudeville and film fame. 
According to LeRue, his father, Lee Marx, was a pharmacist whose dry goods and drug store served 
primarily African-American customers. In addition to medicines and cosmetics, the elder Mr. Marx also 
stocked a small line of curios, mostly the raw makings for root work formulas such as Goofer Dust and the 
like. One of the products that crossed the thin line between conventional cosmetics, so-called "lucky" 
cosmetics and a lucky hoodoo curio was Hoyt's Cologne. It was a cheap perfume that sold for ten cents per 
bottle. Faith in Hoyt's Cologne extended well beyond Memphis. All across the South, East, and West, one 
learns that this humble brand of perfume was widely believed to be efficacious in "feeding" mojo hands, to 
bring luck in love spells and, above all, to be an effective lucky hand rub and body wash for card players, crap 
shooters, and those who bet on policy. 



The Lucky Mon-Gol Company was a short-lived company that arose after the 
break-up of the partnership between the families of Morris Shapiro and Joseph 
Menke of the Lucky Heart Cosmetics Company, and eventually led to the 
founding of the Clover Horn Company by Marcus Menke in Baltimore, 
Maryland. 

Lucky Brown cosmetics were distributed by Famous Products, owned by 
Morton Neumann, a Jewish American chemist in Chicago, Illinois, whose 
Valmor company also manufactured and packaged hoodoo curios and spiritual 
supplies such as Genuine Mo-Jo Brand lodestones under the King Novelty Company name and produced cosmetics under the Sweet 
Georgia Brown and Madame Jones names. Neumann's chief competition came from the Memphis based Lucky Heart Company owned by 
the Shapiro family, which marketed a similar assortment of African-American cosmetics and Lucky Heart hoodoo curios. 



Both companies sold through a system of agents who lived in the South, as well as by direct 
mail order through ads in the black-owned and nationally-distributed Chicago Defender 
newspaper. As King Novelty / Famous Products, the Jewish American chemist Morton 
Neumann was a major manufacturer and distributor of hoodoo curios and cosmetics to urban 
and rural African-American communities by mail order, and through agents from the early 
1930s until well into the late 1950s. He maintained four separate lines: of goods -- cosmetics 
and curios. 

Neumann was born in Chicago, spent some time in New York Cirty as a young man working 
as a jewelry setter, and returned to Chicago to found his own cosmetics and chemical 
company. An accomplished inventor, he patented a wonderful type of incense which, when 
burned, left the faint trace of traceries of lucky numbers in the ashes, sold through King 
Novelty , his hoodoo and conjure supply company. (The ad at the top of the lodestones page 
is reproduced from the 1945 King Novelty Co. catalogue.) 

Under two other company names, Valmor Products and the Madam Jones Co., he 
manufactured and sold cosmetics for the African-American market retail, by mail order, and 
through agents. He also set up Famous Products Distribution to handle distribution of the 
Valmor, Madam Jones, and King Novelty lines to other wholesalers and to large retailers. 







LQDEsTUNE 

ri" i I KtfJ k*i 

IE 1# STRU j: 11 nil' It 

, t'lfl-L Inert! P|Li' 

i '] s 3 n a * r, n 
I tniHWil and £i 

L'lfj iWESTONU 

■flAg haa 3K".'H cn,r- 
* JL4t] fled !:■>• niifiy 
■MB ItiOJilt'tobtrlJi-' 

u,M«P c-u= |, rf U;h. 

Su.Mfw nnd 
WBf Wl*&3njid 
J*rfi 

■ r T^ innXp no Audi 
cl ^t»n tfl thi- 
//fl EtTMit rvl-.it ne![ 

tjjf 1-0 □ EST Q h|£ 

1 Fnitd I H- 

ESfl tEHSE r.1,.2/ 

r^AM Wt Jin J.Iofita 
BgMNT Ilmt H la it. 
W^Z Vtlitl'-ivil tinm!- 

5£\ Itr 

that jv? hn^w bun' ia 
™aJ;t\ F-bltty Jii 

l?nr Tilhi r---| trnjirriDee, 
S-:qlI tfhi he n If,;.*; 
JOW, -i-jlIo (.lila tS[F, 
fJt'vL'U MoaFjy BuJ rr> 

<ivlV^ 3 fce-Fiuljin ulira 
Bf nrTnnnetjc LQQE- 
STONf FHCE fi( f:!{- 
iTtS Wirt. TPjin It flint *r 
^ BIGGEST ftA.fi. 
(SAtHSInvurduiatui:. 

Yfi'il ET-iHy rwHvii a 

Sl '-'K 1 VaJuu tir? .Yin. 

A-20IAC Eft A 

a no 

i tor tt» 


Herts Is ting d “fftfl 

fl It f Hiiwe-rit tt 3 W 

r ±l 

tritfF JOHN U 

T H G COM-. A- 

Q U £ R QR U'JJ 

Gt n nit I N . fj | I 
CENSE Willi a I 

ClSUINf. JU I ■ 
WOT FREE 1 
n! eiirn EliiLr.ii: J j* 

itq rtVory bin, Uv 

L . JfoiiT 

Jiufuii irui'llSEff 
fwnflt, Ktirtv K ” 

U&Llfl Irtticnfi) 
tvrry mflrivJnct nafl 
liliikr, Yon n 2 n>Ft|r 5 juw 
IiOVe tJUj awiTt MFDeJI- 
ln«, ton/c JtvitLlim, jurr- 

ticntJ-tl IfMFkfiTf nt (J;la 

11 IjlTn C,. it >L I. ] n - 
Cflbfit POWDEIT, 
G« [ tnfvniFi ii ii a 

BOOT FACE riC ism-* 
BWti t>tiiLTl':v:i , iV. 


.OMSTS^E 


Os V||. llttfi JKEW u "Ob, nj'ni // I ih i(®S' BSiHSa 

tnn l si a* Hilary iiDil li.t J-L ¥ 5 Itnl an- : , ii fly ft I ' v'EfWa# ■.■mT !j 

liKik i;iito f -iivj aaiijj irruw tin tbi.re "' / JfeJlJ Hi l^iMSWBw M 

liL lliti IhOi.>. I i;i'i-.'.-i :,.n I *>' *\ T i'Ji &?' 1 * 

< bln i w-jli id; jmiu -■ wu«-n n «i« / I ' l' m £&Zm t)ly?>r 

* partalrv chimr jvcnl hoiv ■» rla // I ; i 

1 1 ■ 11 Jilvwt Pfl.il littt(TU«eiD.nn iuirt If Sr 1W WBaSlBK 

C|lpr.etJi>jira 5ia lit C3m JiiisjF, Uav ,,r / r ' d wk vi VJ 

El! v'.*:t . will-: i,:'r E-. i. :. • i li t :;iji ,,r irjfiftieeS niniNV 
tifr win. tSie L!m lit «t Ehfl Mtxia 'WBSb^ 

or In tbe hJc-i.' ij JariEFon^ or tbo ti J@Sm JB^-TOiTiBM^BSEWlI 
'J'Jir- tiitEiiof men lu-fi.i f t<k-r 

idL [>jii*m thlnfifl Jujfflinilain to qfi- /F 

flhnit keeiF^lti fi:Li.n ^ J'Ctvvr'R. I fj i 

FUL TNBli If CMC E fill [l, a rL ^ f i/s-SEsdm / M Jr* 2 

flnltn nlH*llied or dr-UFY-fl. 1f>r // 

hjL tiepin fjjfly bnvo certain if A >£%£j£rj£A l ..‘ r Act-' ' 

ten* « -■ '■ * ii at will ir rw If t t!«n ikfk. MRf&US&i 

fti iv, irk IwtS^r uuiifli cur’ / fjtS&t SsffjR -vyjf . ,. 

tf^n flit if d It! Film, / t S'jt&T'/r*' le~' : *£ ^ 

THIS GOOK / * SV ' 

PUfiPOJrTS TO TELL: 

Hew to r-Ceriftdy Cfln- 

tiJttam knon-Fi n;. Cron s - . ■ '■ ? : '.aifty* 1 *, a 

Crjjr.li Han* [ lie? ffl 3 Uc PfjTTn-T ,, <r| 

ConKnjuniliJFE; Hit w to Ctt 

Old df Finri Hour oC J'rtTCT ; * '/ 

J]£iW tfl f- jFllI f be hfluil (uf allL 

pn j;: I' , .lL IPItli'ffalUpflp; How Cn,t Out 

P*f>ln Eub Filial ^ Uitcroit 

F+optor Hov# to Suprt tunflloi fu Tiiu JJ*tb f>( 

W*; K« W til fr^y to HvlUOVn AN rvHil 
Wbflt Art J J ii'FiinFF j Pairt-LT flt UrMFngi [Coy WoraPrf.r 
J?fvd;jiS Jilact T.la^Lii! be..; a CJiiptflj «Mitl tltMl- “ ‘ftovolL - 
Uan Einftli, Th» Q rt^tnt Kay to Gtnrtirtljii Powar # 
t\fl a^uLmo no rflafloiLrtlJLIip fin lpid author '* or tiuMLihw'i 

m' ’ ln ' elilln13 t " Af - iwltfliHaii tho littthOctloaia w Millnr 
HflT Ike JJribfc '.vlll JiflVc iov valui) tflVflaFl about miy Lhluc taiwirtBiiiiar 
*! T|l f t* ! 1 T H . E i T POWER iin'y aa a HrmSc Pm >Wb EnlFftil 

bi iiFUircatF;rt In nikdliV. San d il.no HOW for thli Ta itui BOOK 


IN EACH BOX 

ORDER NOW 


(.tilriliint I hi Cvsn 
BnHlta. nuy jtiF-ir- 
n..LP a bnttl^cr ttukr 
-Mtl-Jo CrfliBd 
L itarii Furlumo. 

1 tjiJrfautil rfiqn«i( 

\ jKilli , Ltifl Hwnr.t 

\ Tiifllltik? IfA!;nibra 

1 tllJil) MKlttaa, 

1 SJ«i dnq irfliKnh 

in lull II Eh Fl tTibli 
Lju-T nr .i&JitirCiit J’l^- 
'■' 1- | fi»». dkicHL aU 
. 1 0 ! limatltT to t to 


Poet alp noo-l>ad 
JliMHufil JJavfl rtftjtn- 
Fn-ri'h:i3 ttilV hif'.ill 
JOHN l Ti a C O H-, 
OULRDfi BOOT 

LU« C H| D JSftlHe$ 

MATTF.M5 ,,F 
L Oyt, Wii tank n 

Imrlalbin tins , 

J * H H T N a i 

/ 

T kla. HOHtTCT f 

for tlio *(5 whip / 

^leJi ItiuiACii- / 

rid k-.j H±va I 

plJiflfld itiiln / 
BOOT in / 

Kvcry taltllfifll I \ 
r' ij .J umr:, I . • } 

Ha. A'iltiC / 


*“'1 III 
D [jpOll U 'r |*j( L 

Oct Um- 

STflhf rn EE 

fli RiOAChnnffl 

i SSJ.*"" 

i, fhl A-3SJB 
\ frfet. VVJdt 

Th 


h:iV * mwey handy-, jtist make your Order 
: *UXI or more and jibk ng fa e en d C.O.D,‘ iky p OT t, 
'; r i!® T| ^ P'^bisJic when h? ddiY^rm your paclragt. 

LTY M5J 3. Avo. f Chicago 16, ill., U^JL 


OS?DER BY NO, B&7&A 

7 Kc/i tv Power 

Soa! FREE E^fra Charge 
3 BiiDka ajid i Scab, For Qji^y S!J3 


mn ALL 
ORDERS TO 


$ 1.00 

?e 

!y sm 

KING NOVELTY CO. 


3451 S. MICHIGAN AVE, 
CHICAGO IB, ILL,. EJ.S.7L 


King Novelty Company catalog as published by Morton Neumann in the 1940s 



Other areas where blacks suffered from exploitation by Jews 
were in the entertainment and media industries which have been 
heavily dominated by Jewish actors, comedians, entertainers, 
directors, producers and cartoonists for decades, going back to 
Vaudeville and the very beginnings of the motion picture industry. 

Among the most famous of the blackface minstrel performers 
was Al Jolson, born as Asa Yoelson, in Lithuania to Jewish 
parents in 1886. Jolson immigrated to New York in 1894, and by 
1904 he was performing in blackface makeup as a minstrel in 
Vaudeville theaters. In 1927 Jolson was cast to star in the first 
feature-length motion picture with sound, The Jazz Singer, 
based on the play The Day of Atonement by Jewish 
playwright Samson Raphaelson, and produced by the Jewish- 
owned film studios of the Warner Brothers. 


Brothers Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack Warner, sons of Benjamin and Pearl Wonsal, Jewish immigrants from Poland who arrived in the 
United States in the late 1880's, grew up in America at a time of rapid technological and industrial development which offered opportunities 
in new careers that had not previous existed. After working as a silent movie projectionist in Youngstown, Ohio, Sam Warner became 
convinced of the new medium's potential as a profitable enterprise and in 1903 he and his brother Albert Warner purchased a used Model B 
Edison Kinetoscope projector for $1,000 from a projectionist who was "down on his luck," and began to hold showings of Thomas Edison's 
motion picture The Great Train Robbery at traveling carnivals throughout Ohio and Pennsylvania. They were soon joined by their brother 
Harry, who sold his bicycle shop in 1905 and used the money to purchase a vacant building in New Castle, Pennsylvania, which became The 
Cascade, their first theater. 


Over the course of the next decade, the Warners became increasingly involved in the movie business, progressing from owners of a chain of 


theaters, to executives in film distribution, to partners in the production of motion pictures. In 1918 they opened their first film production 
studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California, and after producing a number of successful films Warner Brothers Pictures officially 
incorporated in 1923 with Albert as treasurer and Jack and Sam as heads of production. As the studio prospered, it gained backing from 
Wall Street, and in 1924 Goldman Sachs arranged a major loan. The following year Warner Brothers signed a contract with the sound 
engineer company Western Electric and established Vitaphone and began making films with music and sound effects tracks in 1926, and in 
1927 they released The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson, which featured sound segments of Jolson singing, ushering in the era of "talking 
pictures." 



Due to the success of these early talkies, Warner Brothers was 

able to purchase a larger studio in Burbank, California, and _ 

expand their business by acquiring theater chains, and buying out ,|br 

competing studios. Throughout the 20th century, Warner Brothers j j t — — - 

produced hundreds of motion pictures, catapulting dozens of J I \ , ' 

actors to stardom and building a multi-billion dollar empire in the 1 wL ) 
process. Warner Brothers was among the first Hollywood motion If 
picture studios to realize that movies not only had the ability to^ 

generate vast wealth by entertaining audiences, but it also had the \ 

power to influence them and served as an instrument to promote ■ yl . f ( — I 

political propaganda and progressivism.Warner Brothers was ij __ 

able to use this ability to shape the American public's opinion and ^ m ^ 

bolster support for Franklin D. Roosevelt in his campaign for the ^ j | 

presidency as well as for his New Deal, and became a key 3 cene f rom ^ e yvarner Brothers cartoon "Sunday Go to Meetin' Time" by Jewish 


proponent for American intervention in Europe during Hitler's rise producer Leon Schlesinger and Jewish director Friz Freleng 

to power, producing a number of anti-Nazi films vilifying Germany 

prior to World War II. At the same time Warner Brothers produced many racist cartoons depicting blacks with highly offensive stereotypes. 


BACK NEXT 



Jews and the civil rights movement 


thi Bfw* 


■— 

«<: r. «i m - 


Despite the widespread public belief that the Civil Rights Movement was organized by 
African-Americans, the reality is that it was almost entirely masterminded by Jews as part 
of their agenda to undermine the stability of American society by using blacks as a 
wedge to divide and conquer the white majority establishment. Behind every single black 
rights organization the Jews have been there from the very beginning pulling the strings, 
f , . from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the 
tfwnjfofo Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), the Southern Christian Leadership 
*9*tior \ Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee (SNCC). 


iJews such as Joel Spingarn, Lillian Wald, Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch, Stephen Wise, 
land Henry Moskowitz in 1909, together with black leaders such as W.E.B. Dubois, to 
form the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). One 
year later other prominent Jewish and black leaders created the Urban League. Jews made substantial financial contributions to many civil 
rights organizations, including the NAACP, the Urban League, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Student Non-Violent Coordinating 
Committee. 



Kivie Kaplan, a vice-chairman of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (now the Union for Reform Judaism), served as the national 
president of the NAACP from 1966 to 1975. Arnie Aronson worked with A. Philip Randoph and Roy Wilkins to found the LCCR. From 1910 
to 1940, over 2,000 primary and secondary schools and twenty black colleges, including Howard, Dillard and Fisk universities, were erected 
in whole or in part by contributions from Jewish philanthropist Julius Rosenwald. At the height of the so-called “Rosenwald schools,” nearly 
forty percent of southern blacks were educated at one of these institutions. 



On June 7, 1957, during a debate over the Civil Rights Act of 1957, Rep. Thomas Abernethy of Mississippi entered into the Congressional 
Record the following passage in which he quoted from the Jewish author, Israel Cohen's A Radical Program for the 20th Century, 

saying "this civil rights business is all according to a studied and mil -defined plan The course of the advocates of this legislation was 

carefully planned and outlined more than 45 years ago. Israel Cohen, a leading Communist in England, in his "A Radical Program for 
the 20th Century," wrote in 1912 the following: 

"We must realize that our party's most powerful i Neapon is racial tensions. By propounding into the consciousness of the dark races that 
for centuries they have been oppressed by whites, we can mold them to the program of the Communist Party. In America we wll aim for 


subtle victory. While inflaming the Negro minority against the whites, we wll endeavor to instill in the whites a guilt complex for their 
exploitation of the Negros. We wll aid the Negroes to rise in prominence in every walk of life, in the professions and in the world of sports 
and entertainment. With this prestige, the Negro wll be able to intermarry with the whites and begin a process which wll deliver America 
to our cause. " 

Within days after Sen. Abernathy read the quoted text before Congress, Herman Edlesberg, a Washington representative of the Jewish 
Anti-Defamation League wrote to Sen. Abernathy desperately trying to persuade him to arrange for its deletion from the permanent bound 
Congressional Record, saying that he was not sure that all the harm of the insertion could be undone and called it "a vicious fabrication and 
hoax, the plain purpose of which is to exploit the intense civil rights situation in order to promote prejudice and hostility against Southern 
Jews by their Christian friends. " 

Two weeks after Sen. Abernathy read the quotation into the Congressional record, Jewish newspapers deceptively tried to discredit 
Sen. Abernathy's citation of the quoted text by hysterically claiming not only that Israel Cohen did not exist, but that Abernathy's classification 
of Cohen as "a leading Communist in England" in 1957 was untenable because the Communist Party of Great Britain (which was formed by 
the merger of several smaller Marxist parties, including the Socialist Labour Party, British Socialist Party, and the the South Wales Socialist 
Society founded in 1903 and 1911 respectively) had not been organized under that name until 1920. 

On February 18, 1958, The Washington Star newspaper published an article entitled "Story of a Phony Quotation - A Futile Effort to Pin It 
Down - A Radical Program for the 20th Century' Seems to Exist Only in Somebody's Imagination" wherein the newspaper claimed to 
have traced the Israel Cohen quotation back to Eustace Mullins who worked in the Library of Congress as a photographic assistant in the 
early 1950s and worked with Senator Joseph McCarthy investigating Communist Party funding sources. The newspaper reported that 
Mullins said that he copied it out of a Zionist publication while doing research work in the Library of Congress for his upcoming book The 
Secrets of The Federal Reserve, and that he later passed along to Rep. Thomas Abernathy of Mississippi, who read it into the 
Congressional Record 

Shortly after Mullins book The Secrets of The Federal Reserve was published in 1952, he was discharged by the Library of Congress from 
his probationary job there as a photographic aid for "his authorship and circulation of violently anti-Semitic articles" according to Jewish 
Congressman, Abraham J. Multer of New York, who read The Washington Star newspaper article into the Congressional Record in August, 
1958, in his own attempt to discredit Sen. Abernathy's entry of the quoted excerpt into the Congressional Record a year earlier. Sen. Multer 
insisted that there was no record of a Communist named Israel Cohen ever having lived in England, and that a search of both the Library of 
Congress and The British Museum Catalogue of Printed Books had failed to turn up a book with the title A Radical Program for the 20th 
Century authored by Israel Cohen or by anyone else. 

Four years later on November 27, 1961, Israel Cohen's obituary would be published in London 
newspapers announcing the death of "Israel Cohen, veteran Zionist, Journalist and author, died here 
today at the age of 82. A former secretary of the World Zionist Organization, he played an important 
part in the development of the Zionist movement since the beginning of this century." Even today, 
despite the proven existence of Israel Cohen and his authorship of over 25 known published works on 
Jewish Zionism, Jews still refute the existence of his article A Radical Program for the 20th Century 
and have gone to great lengths to dismiss it as a fabrication and a hoax. 

On January 10, 1963, Congressman Albert S. Herlong, Jr., a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida, delivered a 
speech outlining what he believed was the Communist agenda in which he entered into the Congressional Record "45 Current Communist 
Goals " as outlined in The Naked Communist, by Cleon Skousen: 

1 . - U.S. acceptance of coexistence as the only alternative to atomic war. 

2. - U.S. willingness to capitulate in preference to engaging in atomic war. 

3. - Develop the illusion that total disarmament [by] the United States would be a demonstration of moral strength. 

4. - Permit free trade between all nations regardless of Communist affiliation and regardless of whether or not items could be used for war. 

5. - Extension of long-term loans to Russia and Soviet satellites. 

6. - Provide American aid to all nations regardless of Communist domination. 

7. - Grant recognition of Red China. Admission of Red China to the U.N. 

8. - Set up East and West Germany as separate states in spite of Khrushchev's promise in 1955 to settle the German question by free 
elections under supervision of the U.N. 

9. - Prolong the conferences to ban atomic tests because the US has agreed to suspend tests as long as negotiations are in progress. 

1 0. - Allow all Soviet satellites individual representation in the U.N. 

11 . - Promote the U.N. as the only hope for mankind. If its charter is rewritten, demand that it be set up as a one-world government with its 
own independent armed forces. (Some Communist leaders believe the world can be taken over as easily by the U.N. as by Moscow. 
Sometimes these two centers compete with each other as they are now doing in the Congo.) 

1 2. - Resist any attempt to outlaw the Communist Party. 

13. - Do away with all loyalty oaths. 

14. - Continue giving Russia access to the U.S. Patent Office. 

15. - Capture one or both of the political parties in the United States. 



16. - Use technical decisions of the courts to weaken basic American institutions by claiming their activities violate civil rights. 

17. - Get control of the schools. Use them as transmission belts for socialism and current Communist propaganda. Soften the curriculum. 
Get control of teachers' associations. Put the party line in textbooks. 

18. - Gain control of all student newspapers. 

19. - Use student riots to foment public protests against programs or organizations which are under Communist attack. 

20. - Infiltrate the press. Get control of book-review assignments, editorial writing, policy making positions. 

21 . - Gain control of key positions in radio, TV, and motion pictures. 

22. - Continue discrediting American culture by degrading all forms of artistic expression. An American Communist cell was told to 
"eliminate all good sculpture from parks and buildings, substitute shapeless, awkward and meaningless forms." 

23. - Control art critics and directors of art museums. "Our plan is to promote ugliness, repulsive, meaningless art." 

24. - Eliminate all laws governing obscenity by calling them "censorship" and a violation of free speech and free press. 

25. - Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and 
TV. 

26. - Present homosexuality, degeneracy and promiscuity as "normal, natural, healthy." 

27. - Infiltrate the churches and replace revealed religion with "social" religion. Discredit the Bible and emphasize the need for intellectual 
maturity which does not need a "religious crutch." 

28. - Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principle of "separation of church 
and state." 

29. - Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs, a hindrance to cooperation 
between nations on a worldwide basis. 

30. - Discredit the American Founding Fathers. Present them as selfish aristocrats who had no concern for the "common man." - 

31. - Belittle all forms of American culture and discourage the teaching of American history on the ground that it was only a minor part of the 
"big picture." Give more emphasis to Russian history since the Communists took over. 

32. - Support any socialist movement to give centralized control over any part of the culture-education, social agencies, welfare programs, 
mental health clinics, etc. 

22. - Eliminate all laws or procedures which interfere with the operation of the Communist apparatus. 

34. - Eliminate the House Committee on Un-American Activities. 

35. - Discredit and eventually dismantle the FBI. 

36. - Infiltrate and gain control of more unions. 

37. - Infiltrate and gain control of big business. 

38. - Transfer some of the powers of arrest from the police to social agencies. Treat all behavioral problems as psychiatric disorders which 
no one but psychiatrists can understand. 

39. - Dominate the psychiatric profession and use mental health laws as a means of gaining coercive control over those who oppose 
Communist goals. 

40. - Discredit the family as an institution. Encourage promiscuity and easy divorce. 

41 . - Emphasize the need to raise children away from the negative influence of parents. Attribute prejudices, mental blocks and retarding of 
children to suppressive influence of parents. 

42. - Create the impression that violence and insurrection are legitimate aspects of the American tradition; that students and special-interest 
groups should rise up and use united force to solve economic, political or social problems. 

43. - Overthrow all colonial governments before native populations are ready for self-government. 

44. - Internationalize the Panama Canal. 

45. - Repeal the Connally reservation so the United States cannot prevent the World Court from seizing jurisdiction over nations and 
individuals alike." 


During the Civil Rights Movement, Jewish activists represented a disproportionate number of “whites” involved in the struggle. Jews made 
up half of the young people who participated in the Mississippi Freedom Summer in 1964. Leaders of the Reform Movement were arrested 
with Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in St. Augustine, Florida, in 1964 after a challenge to racial segregation in public accommodations. Most 
famously, Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel marched arm-in-arm with Dr. King in his 1965 March on Selma. 




Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel guides Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in the 1965 March on Selma 


The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were drafted in the conference room of Religious Action Center of Reform 
Judaism, under the aegis of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, which for decades was located in the Center. The Jewish 
community has continued to press for government legislation to undermine traditional American culture and wholesome family values 
through their support of affirmative action giving preferential treatment to not only blacks but also gays and lesbians. Jewish rabbi David 
Saperstein, director of the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism, is currently the only non-African-American member of the NAACP 
board. 

A partial list of Jews working (or have worked) in our government under the Obama administration 

David Axelrod - Special Adviser to the President; Axelrod is the Jew who manufactured Obama as a political force: he is a major business 
and political insider, especially among the heavily moneyed Chicago Jewish elite like the Pritzkers and many others 

Jared Bernstein - Chief Economist and Economic Policy Adviser to the Vice President 

Rahm Emanuel - White House Chief of Staff; son of a Zionist terrorist; dual-citizen of Israel and America (Emanuel served in Israel’s 
military during the First Gulf War instead of the U.S. military); used Jewish ethnic networking to land a lucrative job at an investment bank 
despite having no prior experience in business (he made over 15 million dollars in less than 3 years at the firm); despite supposedly being a 
“distribute the wealth” Democrat Emanuel was the top House recipient of monetary donations from Wall Street, hedge funds, private equity 
fund, banks, and the overall financial industry during the 2008 election cycle... even as the financial markets nearly collapsed in 2008 

Federal Reserve - The Jews Bernanke, Kohn, Warsh, and Kroszner are still heading the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve (the 
main group which oversees all of the other regional Federal Reserve branches), while the Jew Fred Mishkin recently resigned from the 
Board yet still remains very influential there; also, Paul Volcker (who is the Chair of Obama’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board [and 
former Chairman of the Fed]) is said to be partially Jewish according to some sources 

Tim Geithner - Treasury Secretary; all reliable information points to him being ethnically Jewish (at least partially), but if not he definitely 
married in to The Tribe (m. Carole Sonnenfeld, 1985); he has been President of the New York Fed (which is by far the most powerful and 
influential branch of the Fed) during the major economic crisis (2007-present) which has utterly decimated the American economy and 
brought us to the brink of a depression - and now this guy is put in charge of the Treasury? 

Gary Gensler- Chair of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission; hmmm, is it coincidental that, time after time after time, a Jew is put 
in charge of regulating the economic activity of other Jews in banks and on Wall Street? If it happens here and there, it’s no big deal... but if 
you examine the data you will have much to be suspicious about considering this has been a repeating pattern since at least the 1960s in 
America 


Elena Kagan - Solicitor General 




Sally Katzen - Major legal adviser to Obama-Biden 


Ron Klain - Chief of Staff to the Vice President: yes, the Chief of Staff for both Pres. Obama and VP Biden are Jews... meaning they have 
control of the overall schedule and access to these leaders on a day to day basis 

Eric Lander and Harold E. Varmus - Co-Chairs of the President’s Council of Advisers on Science/Technology 

Jacob Lew and James Steinberg - Deputy Secretaries of State, second in rank only to Hillary Clinton in foreign policy matters (meaning if 
something happens to her one of them will take over, giving a Jew yet another major Cabinet slot); both of these people are hardcore Zionist 
Israel Firsters, so it is difficult to imagine how they will remain objective and neutral when it comes to dealing with foreign policy matters in 
the Middle East 

Ellen Moran - White House Director of Communications 
Peter Orszag - Director of the Office of Management and Budget 

Penny Pritzker - Obama’s National Finance Chair during the election cycle; she is a billionaire heiress of the Pritzker family fortune (at 
least 5-7 separate billionaires in the family); the Pritzkers are major players in the ’squeaky clean’ Chicago political scene 

Robert Reich - Economic adviser to Obama-Biden 

Dennis Ross - Obama’s Ambassador-At-Large in the (Entire) Middle East, Obama’s “top envoy” (so much for diplomatic neutrality in the 
Arab/Israeli Conflict - MEANING NOTHING CHANGES); he co-authored Obama’s groveling June 2008 speech at the AIPAC conference; 
also served in the HW Bush and Clinton Administrations under which little progress was made in the Israeli/Palestinian issue 

Robert Rubin - Economic adviser to Obama-Biden; well-known as former Treasury Secretary and ultra-greedy Wall Street slime 

Daniel B. Shapiro - Head the Middle East Desk at the National Security Council (yet another ‘neutral diplomatic Jew’ when it comes to 
foreign policy matters involving the Middle East); also a major Washington lobbyist and fundraiser for the Democratic Party 

Mary Schapiro - Chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission; a very entrenched Jewish bureaucrat who has served in every 
Presidential administration since Reagan; also an executive for Duke Energy and Kraft Foods. 

Phil Schiliro - Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (likely Jewish: he was Henry Waxman’s long-time Chief of Staff) 

Lawrence (Larry) Summers - Director of the White House National Economic Council; a Clinton repeat, greedy Wall Street executive, 
and World Banker. 



There is another class of colored people who make a 
business of keeping the troubles, the wrongs, and the 
hardships of the Negro race before the public. Having 
learned that they are able to make a living out of their 
troubles, they have grown into the settled habit of 
advertising their wrongs-partly because they want 
sympathy and partly because it pays. Some of these 
people do not want the Negro to lose his grievances, 
because they do not want to lose their jobs. 

(Booker T. Washington) 


"Wars are the Jem harvest, for wth them we wpe out the Christians and get control of their gold. We have already killed 100 million of 
them, and the end is not yet." - Rabbi Reichorn, Chief Rabbi of France, in 1859 


’ The great ideal of Judaism is that the vUiole world shall be imbued wth Jewsh teachings, and that in a Universal Brotherhood of Nations 





a greater Judaism, in fact all the seperate rces and religions shall disappear " - Jewish World, February 9, 1 883 

"We Jem, we are the destroyers and wll remain the destroyers. Nothing you can do will meet our demands and needs. We will forever 
destroy because we want a world of our own." -You Gentiles, by Jewish Author Maurice Samuels, p. 155., 1924 

"There is only one Power w hich really counts: The Power of Political Pressure. We Jews are the most powerful people on Earth, because 
we have this power, and we knowhowto apply it." - Jewish Daily Bulletin, July 27, 1935 

"We wll have a world government w hetheryou like it or not. The only question is whether that government wll be achieved by conquest 
or consent."- Jewish Banker Paul Warburg, testimony before the U.S. Senate, February 17, 1950 

"The Christians are always singing about the blood. Let us give them enough of it! Let us cut their throats and drag them over the altar! 
And let them drown in their own blood! I dream of the day when the last priest is strangled on the guts of the last preacher. " - Gus Hall, 
Jewish Chairman of the American Communist Party 

"We Jews regard our race as superior to all humanity, and look forward, not to its ultimate union wth other races, but to its triumph over 
them."- Goldwin Smith, Jewish Professor of Modern History at Oxford University, October, 1981 

tolored Folks" 

• Boycott Store 

" * ' 1 1 

Jacksonville, Fta, — Colored citizens 
here are alio wing their resentment 
against a Jewish merchant whose eon 
1 b alleged to hav^ raped an 11-year-old 
Colored -girl, by refusing to patronize 
his department stre. The store has a 
Colored patronage, probably _9G 
cent of Ha tdlal tmsmess. Crazed 
by tfie loaa of his Colored customers^” 
the merchant attempted wlcidfe a i 


BACK 


HOME